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Scenic Illinois River Area, Oklahoma

Regional View

Lake Tenkiller Map

U.S. EPA Illinois River Watershed Page

 

Oklahoma-
Arkansas
Scenic Rivers
Joint Phosphorus Study
FINAL REPORT
19
December
2016




2015 Trend

Phosphorous levels in the Illinois River watershed are meeting a goal of 40-Percent Reduction needed to protect Lake Tenkiller (report to the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission, Sept. 2015).

Statement to Compact Comm. by Oklahoma

Graph: Phosphorous Trends

Graph: Phosphorous Loading in Illinois River watershed

Graph: Phosphorous entering Oklahoma at Watts, OK


Cautionary note: Phosphorous entering Oklahoma at Watts, OK is still well above Oklahoma's numeric limit of .037 parts per million (ppm).

Rationale for Scenic Rivers Numeric Phosphorus Limit

Oklahoma's Scenic Rivers Phosphorus Limit

Second Watershed Agreement Between Arkansas and Oklahoma

Illinois River Watershed TMDL-U.S. EPA TMDL Page

Illinois River Joint Study Committee Page

Oklahoma's Watershed-Based Plan for Illinois River

Arkansas' Watershed-Based Plan for the Illinois River

Read selected reports in 2014 to the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission.

Water Quality Trends at Different Flow Regimes

Water Quality Trends Chart of Total Phosphorus Concentrations

The Illinois River At Watts, Oklahoma

The Illinois River At Tahlequah, Oklahoma

Tenkiller Lake Water Quality Impairments

Oklahoma Average Annual Total Phosphorus Loading

Comparison of Geometric Means to Scenic Rivers Phosphorus Criterion and Oklahoma Impaired Waters List (303d list 2012)


Read selected reports in 2013 to the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission

Chart showing streamflow, Illinois River at Watts, Oklahoma

Although the public is not notified of new or expanding poultry farms, adjoining land owners must be notified about new or expanding hog farms in Oklahoma. Concern exists that hog factory farms may be moving into Arkansas (and possibly northeast Oklahoma) from North Carolina. A controversial new hog farm in Arkansas is located near the Buffalo River, America's first National Scenic River. The Illinois River and Tenkiller Lake have special setback protection from hog farms. But is that enough protection?

Oklahoma Poultry Feeding Operations Act, Poultry Waste Transfer Act, and Poultry Waste Applicators Certification Act

Oklahoma Scenic Rivers Commission Rules and Regulations

Oklahoma Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program

Most Current Oklahoma Poultry Waste Report (FY 2014)

Most Current Arkansas Poultry Waste Report for Illinois River Watershed

Oklahoma 2013 Poultry Waste and Movement Report

Scope of the Poultry Industry in the Illinois River Watershed in Arkansas

Oklahoma Poultry Production Report 2010-2011

Arkansas 2014 Poultry Waste Report REVISED

Oklahoma Poultry Litter Transfer Tax Credit

Contact Federal and State Lawmakers

U.S. Senator James Inhofe



Find Your U.S. Senator

Find Your U.S. Representative

The White House

U.S. EPA

Oklahoma Legislators and Legislation

Regional Watershed Improvement Organizations

Oklahoma Scenic Rivers Commission

Spring Creek Coalition-Mission: to unite as citizens and actively engage in the preservation of the Spring Creek Watershed.

Grand Lake Watershed Alliance

Citizens for the Protection of the Arbuckle Simpson Aquifer (CPASA). CPASA grew out of a grassroots effort in 2002 when local citizens acted in response to man-made threats to the Arbuckle Simpson aquifer and the springs and streams which flow from it. CPASA supports sustainable use, not a "use it all up" policy, the oil/gas model used for Oklahoma's groundwater law.

Multi Basin Regional Watershed Council-a non-profit organization that serves member organizations in the four-corner area of Arkansas, Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri.

Association for Beaver Lake Environment

Spring River WRAPS of Cherokee County

Ozarks Water Watch
Elk River Watershed Improvement Association The Elk River drains an area that includes parts of three states — Arkansas, Missouri and Oklahoma

Clean Spring River Blog - concerned about the quality of life along Spring River, the quality of water in Spring River and the ecosystem of Spring River

James River Basin Partnership - working to improve and protect the water quality of the springs, streams, rivers, and lakes in the James River Watershed

Watershed Committee of the Ozarks - preserving and Improving Springfield and Greene County Water Supplies Since 1984

Table Rock Lake Water Quality Inc. - dedicated to maintaining and improving the water quality of the Table Rock Lake area

Illinois River Watershed Partnership - a partnership of poultry corporations, agricultural groups, municipalities, developers, and conservationists working on watershed issues through education and streambank stabilization activities.

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Other Organizations

Tulsa Fly Fishers-Trout Unlimited Oklahoma Chapter/Federation of Fly Fishers Tulsa

Oklahoma Paddle Association

 

Reports and Data

Bibliography of literature reviewed by OWRB Technical Advisory Group in reviewing Oklahoma's 037 mg/L phosphorus criteria for scenic rivers, 2012-2012. (4/1/12)

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2012 Arkansas Poultry House Registration Report (ARNC)

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2011 Arkansas Poultry House Registration Report (ARNC)

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2012 Oklahoma Poultry Waste Production Report (ODA) 

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Good Backgrounder-Oklahoma State University Graduate Study on Illinois River Basin, ROBERT EDWARD KRAUSE, JR.

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Hydrologic Modeling of the Oklahoma/Arkansas Illinois River Basin Using SWAT 2005 Final Report

Dr. Daniel E. Storm, Mr. Phillip R. Busteed, Mr. Aaron R. Mittelstet, Dr. Michael J. White

Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Department, Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

Oklahoma State University, June 9, 2010

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Summary of Surface-Water Quality Data from the Illinois River Basin in Northeast Oklahoma, 1970—2007

By William J. Andrews, Mark F. Becker, S. Jerrod Smith, and Robert L. Tortorelli

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Spavinaw Creek / Beaty Creek Watershed Implementation Projects, Oklahoma Conservation Commission.  (Watersheds with no urban development showed nutrient reductions through BMPs, best management practices)

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Water Quality Trends, Illinois River Watershed, Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission Meeting Sept. 27, 2012

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Oklahoma Average Annual Total Phosphorus Loading in kilograms per Year Illinois River Watershed in Oklahoma.  From the 2012 meeting of the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission Meeting.

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Arkansas Average 5-Year Total Phosphorus Loading in Kilograms per Year for Illinois River Watershed.  From the 2012 meeting of the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission Meeting.

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Arkansas' Report on Illinois River Watershed Water Quality to the Arkansas, Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission December 2008.

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Phosphorus trends in northeastern Oklahoma scenic rivers-Report to the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission, Sept., 2011 (Oklahoma Water Resources Board).

Phosphorus trends in northeastern Oklahoma scenic rivers-Report to the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission, Sept., 2011 (Oklahoma Water Resources Board).

Phosphorus trends in northeastern Oklahoma scenic rivers-Report to the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission, Sept., 2010.

Graph showing "rolling averages" of phosphorus in the Illinois River at Watts, Oklahoma-Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Comm., Sept., 2010

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USGS and OSRC Final Report on Bacteria, Illinois River, 2009.

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ILLINOIS RIVER 2001 POLLUTANT LOADS AT ARKANSAS HIGHWAY 59 BRIDGE

DISCUSSION
The loads that were calculated for the year 2001 should be considered a very reliable estimate of the actual loads in the Illinois River in Arkansas. There were no gaps in the discharge data and all storm events were sampled adequately.
Results from five years water quality monitoring for total phosphorus are summarized as mean concentrations in figure 7. The mean concentrations were determined by dividing the annual load by the annual discharge. Shown are the base flow, storm flow and combined concentrations. Base flow concentrations represent the phosphorus load determined when the river stage was below five feet divided by the total discharge that occurred when the river stage was below five feet. Storm flow concentrations are loads divided by discharge above five feet. The combined flow concentration is the total load divided by the total discharge. Shown also in figure 7 are the linear regression trends of the mean concentrations. These results show an increasing trend in base flow and storm flow concentrations.
The regressions indicate that base flow concentrations are increasing 0.02 mg/l per year and that storm flow concentrations are increasing 0.1mg/l per year. This indicates that non-point source contributions to phosphorus in the watershed may be increasing at a much faster rate than are point source contributions.

 

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Average Annual Total Phosphorus Loading.

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Phosphorus Trends Illinois River near Watts, Oklahoma and for Flint Creek.

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Phosphorus Trends Illinois River Near Tahlequah and for Barren Fork Creek.

          1. Beneficial Use Monitoring Report (BUMP) Summary. 

          2. BUMP Report for Illinois River at Watts, Oklahoma.

          3. Bump Report for Illinois River at Tahlequah, Oklahoma.

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Eutrophication of U.S. Freshwaters: Analysis of Potential Economic Damages.

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Differences in Phosphorus and Nitrogen Delivery to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River Basin-USGS.

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Government Accounting Office report says chicken waste a public health danger  (summary)

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Full GAO report on chicken waste

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The National Lakes Assessment: A Collaborative Survey of the Nation’s Lakes, the first-ever assessment of the condition of the nation’s lakes.  (also at www.epa.gov/lakessurvey)

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Pew Environment Group - Big Chicken, Pollution and Industrial Production in America

...how the industrialization and consolidation of the poultry business have concentrated production in what is now known as the Broiler Belt.  Published July 27, 2011

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Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production

The current industrial farm animal production (IFAP) system often poses unacceptable risks to public health, the environment and the welfare of the animals themselves, according to an extensive 2½-year examination conducted by the Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production (PCIFAP), in a study released April 29, 2008.

Final Report: Putting Meat on The Table: Industrial Farm Animal Production in America

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Coordinated Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy for Oklahoma's Impaired Scenic Rivers

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Capture & Recycle Technology
for Pollution Prevention in the Nursery Industry
Final Report

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USGS Illinois River Page

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Water Resources of Arkansas, USGS

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Check on River Levels (USGS Readings)

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Corps of Engineers Lake Levels

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Oklahoma Geological Survey

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Oklahoma State Government Agencies Listing

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Oklahoma Scenic Rivers Commission

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Governor's Office

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Oklahoma Wildlife Department and Outdoor Oklahoma

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Oklahoma Secretary of the Environment

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Oklahoma Department of Agriculture

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Oklahoma Water Resources Board

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Oklahoma Conservation Commission

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Oklahoma Legislature

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Oklahoma Attorney General's Office

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United States Senate

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United States House of Representatives

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Arkansas Legislature

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Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology

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Missouri Legislature

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Missouri Department of Natural Resources

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Oklahoma Wildlife Federation

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Ozark Society

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Green Country Marketing Assoc.

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EPA’s Summary of Our Ecoregion

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EPA's Full Report on Our Ecoregion (PDF File)

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The Problem of Nutrients-EPA

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EPA - Office of Water
Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Program

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Phosphorus
and Water Quality
Oklahoma Cooperative Extension
(Also at http://osufacts.okstate.edu)

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Greater Tenkiller Area Association (STIR Member)

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Arrowhead Resort (STIR Member)

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MarVal Family Resort (STIR Member)

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Tenkiller Property.Com LLC (STIR Member)

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Tahlequah Tourism Council

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Tahlequah Area Chamber of Commerce

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Northeastern State University

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Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma

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Spring Creek Coalition

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Aubrey Sheperd's Main Blog

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Search Scenic Rivers Act, Oklahoma State Statutes, Title 82, Chapter 21

 

 

TIP, CLICK ON "TITLE 82" AND SCROLL TO CHAPTER 21 AND YOU WILL SEE THE FOLLOWING:

Scenic Rivers Act
    § 1451. Short Title.
    § 1452. Preservation of Certain Free-flowing Streams and Rivers - Designation of Scenic River Areas.
    § 1453. Acts Prohibited Within Scenic River Area.
    § 1454. Cooperation - Acquisition of Access Points, Easements or Park Areas - Power of Eminent Domain Prohibited.
    § 1455. Dangers of Littering - Penalties.
    § 1456. Property Rights of Private Landowners.
    § 1457. Pollution - Prevention and Elimination
    § 1458. Notice and Hearing as to Designation of Additional Scenic Areas.
    § 1459. Repealed by Laws 1989, c. 154, § 2, eff. July 1, 1989
    § 1460. Scenic Rivers - Statement of Purpose.
    § 1461. Scenic Rivers Commissions - Creation - Funding - Jurisdiction - Membership - Organization - Powers and Duties
    § 1462. Oklahoma Tourism and Recreation Department - Duties.
    § 1462A. Scenic River Commissions Funds.
    § 1462B. Scenic River Commissions Petty Cash Funds.
    § 1462C. Creation of Scenic Rivers Commission Revolving Fund.
    § 1463. Dissolution of Scenic River Commission.
    § 1464. Construction of Act.
    § 1465. Cities and Incorporated Towns - Counties - Planning and Zoning - Powers and Duties.
    § 1466. Counties - Cities and Incorporated Towns - Funding of Scenic River Commissions.
    § 1467. Violations.
    § 1468. Review - Administrative Procedure Act - Application.
    § 1469. Application of Law - Policy.
    § 1470. Canoes - Commercial Use - Fee
   

§ 1471. Collection of Assessed Fees

 

Search Scenic Rivers Commission Rules, Title 630, Chapters 1-4, 10, 15 

 

 

TIP, CLICK ON "VIEW CODE", THEN CLICK ON TITLE 630 AND YOU WILL SEE THE FOLLOWING:

 

Title 630 - Scenic Rivers Commission
Chapter 1 Rules
Chapter 2 Oklahoma Scenic Rivers Commission
Chapter 3 Election Procedures
Chapter 4 Hearing Procedures, Practices, and Appeals
Chapter 10 Licensing and Use Permits
Chapter 15 Protection of Natural Resources
Chapter 20

Violations)


Search Oklahoma Poultry Laws and CAFO Act

 

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River Network

 

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DOCUMENTS

 

Status and Future of the Illinois River Symposium, April 30, 1993, Northeastern State University, Muskogee.  "White Paper" by Dr. Linda L. Wallace, Oklahoma League of Women Voters.  Copies available by request.

 

Symposium on the Status and Future of the Illinois River, 1981, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah.  "White Paper" by Dr. Douglas Jester, NSU Science Professor.  Copies available upon request.

 

Phosphorus Concentrations, Loads, and Yields in the Illinois River Basin, Arkansas and Oklahoma, 1997-2001.  USGS document prepared in cooperation with the Oklahoma Scenic Rivers Commission and the Oklahoma Water Resources Board. Report 03-4168.

 

Percentile Distributions of Median Nitrite Plus Nitrate as Nitrogen, Total Nitrogen, and Total Phosphorus Concentrations in Oklahoma Streams, 1973-2001.  USGS document Report 03-4084.

 

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Occurrence of Pharmaceuticals and Other Organic Wastewater Constituents in Selected Streams in Northern Arkansas, 2004

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Tenkiller Lake Beneficial Use Monitoring Report (BUMP)

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Water Quality in the Illinois River: Conflict and Cooperation Between Oklahoma and Arkansas.  2003 Dublin Diffuse Pollution Conference, Dr. Thomas S. Soerens, University of Arkansas Dept. of Civil Engineering. PDF Doc.


 Diagnostic and Feasibility Study on Tenkiller Lake, Oklahoma (Clean Lakes Project funded by USEPA).  Edited by Noble Jobe, Research Associate Oklahoma State University.  Project Report Number GP-016, June 1996

(This report established the necessity of reducing phosphorus by 30% in order to maintain status quo water quality of Tenkiller Lake, Oklahoma and a 70% reduction needed to improve water quality)


 

Water Quality Survey of the Illinois River and Tenkiller Reservoir June 1976-October 1977.

 

This report is one of the earliest studies of the Illinois River and Tenkiller Lake.   It was conducted by the Oklahoma State Department of Health.  Copies are very scarce.  Contact Ed Fite, Oklahoma Scenic Rivers Commission, Tahlequah, OK


 

Nutrient Load Reductions and Streambank Stabilization in Oklahoma's Peacheater Creek Watershed: Successful Implementation of Agricultural BMPs
Authors: Shanon Phillips, Brooks Tramell, and Stacey Day
Oklahoma Conservation Commission, Water Quality Division, Oklahoma City, OK

In this issue of NWQEP NOTES, we continue our series on National Nonpoint Source Monitoring Program (NMP) projects that have been completed and have documented improvements in water quality due to best management practice (BMP) implementation.

The Illinois River watershed, in eastern Oklahoma, was the subject of a 10-year study to address nonpoint source pollution from poultry and cattle operations, primarily nutrients, bacteria and sediment. The study employed a paired-watershed monitoring design to assess potential pollutant load reductions and streambank improvements due to installation of BMPs focusing on riparian, land and waste management. Practices included establishment of riparian buffers, alternative water supplies for cattle, construction of heavy use areas for feeding and storing wastes, poultry litter transport, pasture management, and septic tank installation and repair. Project results documented significant reductions in stream phosphorus loading (71%), stream total nitrogen loading (58%), and erosion and nutrient loading from streambanks following BMP implementation.

This issue is now on-line at
http://www.ncsu.edu/waterquality/issues/notes126.pdf

 

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Nutrient Loads and Concentrations in the Illinois River-USGS Report

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 Nutrient Trends in the Illinois River-USGS, Oklahoma Water Science Center

and http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2006/5250/pdf/sir2006-5250.pdf

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Poultry Waste Management Regulations (OSU)

Title 2. Agriculture
Oklahoma Registered Poultry Feeding Operations Act
Oklahoma Poultry Waste Transfer Act
Oklahoma Poultry Waste Applicators Certification Act

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Environmental Requirements for Arkansas Poultry Growers

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From Hills and Hollers: Rise of the Poultry Industry in Arkansas

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Echota Bend, first Illinois River stream bank restoration program, 1997